Explore the Rich History of Vietnam at the Temple of Literature in Hanoi
The Temple of Literature was built in 1070 as a Confucian temple and later served as a university for Vietnam's elite scholars. Here, students would study literature, history, and philosophy. The architecture of the temple is a stunning blend of traditional Vietnamese and Chinese styles, with five courtyards enclosed by brick walls. The gates, statues, and altars here are all magnificent examples of traditional Vietnamese architecture that has lasted centuries.
The temple's tranquility encourages reflection and introspection. Taking in the serene surroundings, you can easily imagine the ancient scholars deeply engrossed in their studies. The stelae of docteur, a collection of 82 stone tablets with the names of distinguished scholars inscribed on them, is one of the most fascinating elements of the temple. These epitaphs were erected between the 15th and 18th centuries, honoring the dedication and contribution of these scholars to the country's education and knowledge.
The architecture of the complex is the star attraction, and you can see the attention to detail and craftsmanship employed in the structures lining the ground. The gateways and temples within the park are intricately decorated with beautiful mosaics, reflecting the Chinese influence on the temple's design. The garden surrounding the complex is a peaceful sanctuary, with elegant trees and beautiful flowers complementing the historic structures.
If you'd like to learn more about the temple and Vietnam's traditions, stop by the Literary Museum within the temple. It is home to various exhibits and history demonstrations, including calligraphy and handwriting lessons. The displays will transport you back to ancient Vietnam, giving you a taste of how life was in the past.
The Temple of Literature is a must-visit destination in Hanoi, showcasing Vietnam's rich cultural history and traditions. This beautiful complex acts as a quiet refuge the hustle and bustle of the city, allowing visitors to take in centuries of history and enriching themselves with knowledge. Walking through the temple is an adventure that will leave you inspired and contemplative. Whether you are interested in architecture, history, or personal growth, a visit to the Temple of Literature is guaranteed to be an unforgettable experience.